Vitamin B12, commonly known as cobalamin, is a necessary component that contributes significantly to the body’s general health and well-being. It is required to form red blood cells, the efficient functioning of the neurological system, and the creation of DNA. Unfortunately, many individuals do not consume enough vitamin B12, leading to various health problems.
Anaemia is one of the most severe consequences of insufficient vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 is required to form red blood cells, and a deficit can decrease the number of red blood cells in the body. This can result in exhaustion, weakness, and shortness of breath. It can also lower the number of platelets in the blood, raising the risk of
Another risk of not getting enough vitamin B12 is the development of nerve damage. Vitamin B12 is essential for properly functioning the nervous system, and a deficiency can reduce the number of myelin sheaths that protect the nerves. This can cause numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hands and feet. In extreme cases, it can lead to permanent nerve damage.
A lack of vitamin B12 can raise the risk of cognitive decline and dementia. Vitamin B12 is required to form brain neurotransmitters, and a deficiency might result in a decrease in these neurotransmitters. Memory loss, disorientation, and sadness might result from this.
A deficiency in vitamin B12 can also cause congenital disabilities in pregnant women. For example, a pregnant woman deficient in vitamin B12 may give birth to a baby with severe congenital disabilities such as neural tube defects.
A deficiency in vitamin B12 can also lead to an increased risk of osteoporosis. Vitamin B12 is essential for forming bone tissue, and a lack can reduce the number of bones in the body. This can cause the bones to become brittle and fragile, increasing the risk of fractures.
One of the most prevalent reasons for vitamin B12 shortage is a deficit in intrinsic factor, a protein generated by the stomach required for vitamin B12 absorption. People who have had surgery to remove a piece of their body